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Khan Academy Statistics

Whether you are learning computer science, logic, or probability (or a bunch of other things), it can be very, very useful to have this "set" of skills. From what a set is to how we can operate on them, this tutorial will have you familiar with the basics of sets!

What's the probability of picking two "e" from the bag in scrabble (assuming that I don't replace the tiles). Well, the probability of picking an 'e' on your second try depends on what happened in the first (if you picked an 'e' the first time around, then there is one less 'e' in the bag). ...

What is the probability of making three free throws in a row (LeBron literally asks this in this tutorial). In this tutorial, we'll explore compound events happening where the probability of one event is not dependent on the outcome of another (compound, independent, events).

What is the probability of getting a diamond or an ace from a deck of cards? Well I could get a diamond that is not an ace, an ace that is not a diamond, or the ace of diamonds. This tutorial helps us think these types of situations through a bit better (especially with the help of our good...

Can I pick a red frog out of a bag that only contains marbles? Is it smart to buy a lottery ticket? Even if we are unsure about whether something will happen, can we start to be mathematical about the "chances" of an event (essentially realizing that some things are more likely than others). ...

Making decisions with probability from Khan Academy Statistics

This tutorial will apply the permutation and combination tools you learned in the last tutorial to problems of probability. You'll finally learn that there may be better "investments" than poring all your money into the Powerball Lottery.

You are already familiar with calculating permutation ("How many ways could 7 different people sit in 4 different seats?"). But what if you didn't care about which seat they sat in? What if you just cared about which 4 people were in the car? Or put another way, you want to know how many...

You want to display your Chuck Norris dolls on your desk at school and there is only room for five of them. Unfortunately, you own 50. How many ways can you pick the dolls and arrange them on your desk?

This tutorial covers central tendency and dispersion. It is redundant with the other tutorials on this topic, but it has the benefit of messy handwriting and a cheap microphone. This is Sal circa 2007 so take it all with a grain of salt (or just skip it altogether).

We have tools (like the arithmetic mean) to measure central tendency and are now curious about representing how much the data in a set varies from that central tendency. In this tutorial we introduce the variance and standard deviation (which is just the square root of the variance) as two...

Whether you're looking at scientific data or stock price charts, box-and-whisker plots can show up in your life. This tutorial covers what they are, how to read them and how to construct them. We'd consider this tutorial very optional, but it is a good application of dealing with medians and...

This is the foundational tutorial for the rest of statistics. We start thinking about how you can represent a set of numbers with one number that somehow represents the "center". We then talk about the differences between populations, samples, parameters and statistics.

Poisson process from Khan Academy Statistics

Binomial distribution from Khan Academy Statistics

Now that we know what a random variable is, we can think about expected value. As we'll see, it can be viewed as a probability-weighted average of possible outcomes!

Random variables and probability distributions from Khan Academy Statistics

Even when there might be a rough linear relationship between two variables, the data in the real-world is never as clean as you want it to be. This tutorial helps you think about how you can best fit a line to the relationship between two variables.

You already know a good bit about hypothesis testing with one or two samples. Now we take things further by making inferences based on three or more samples. We'll use the very special F-distribution to do it (F stands for "fabulous").

You've gotten good at hypothesis testing when you can make assumptions about the underlying distributions. In this tutorial, we'll learn about a new distribution (the chi-square one) and how it can help you (yes, you) infer what an underlying distribution even is!

You're already familiar with hypothesis testing with one sample. In this tutorial, we'll go further by testing whether the difference between the means of two samples seems to be unlikely purely due to chance.

This tutorial helps us answer one of the most important questions not only in statistics, but all of science: how confident are we that a result from a new drug or process is not due to random chance but due to an actual impact. If you are familiar with sampling distributions and confidence...

Ever wondered what pollsters are talking about when they said that there is a 3% "margin of error" in their results. Well, this tutorial will not only explain what it means, but give you the tools and understanding to be a pollster yourself!

We all have confidence intervals ("I'm the king of the world!!!!") and non-confidence intervals ("No one loves me"). That is not what this tutorial is about. This tutorial takes what you already know about the central limit theorem, sampling distributions, and z-scores and uses these tools to...